Languages of Taiwan

Languages of Taiwan

Languages of Taiwan is an interesting topic. Do you think Chinese and Taiwanese languages are same? Taiwan and China have some things in common. While economically, China is far ahead of Taiwan, but in terms of social progress, Taiwan has proved to be the better of the two. Legislators in Taiwan are preparing to define what constitutes a national language. The target is to promote their local dialect over the Mandarin language. This is unthinkable in China where Mandarin is the sole official language.

The Rise Of Taiwanese

Today, talking about languages of Taiwan, Taiwanese in growing in leaps and bounds in Taiwan. Over 80% of politicians speak the language at home. Politicians campaign in this dialect to win the people to their side during electioneering campaigns. Though this dialect has not been conferred with the status of the official language in Taiwan; the promotion of it over Mandarin is very aggressive.

The Overview of The National Languages of Taiwan

The table below shows the overview of the national languages that are permitted in present-day Taiwan. 

LanguagePercentage
of home use
Recognised
variants
National
language
Statutory language
for public transport
Regulated by 
Mandarin83.5%1By legal definitionRequired nationwideMinistry of Education 
Taiwanese Hokkien81.9%1~6By legal definitionRequired nationwideMinistry of Education 
Hakka6.6%6By designationRequired nationwideHakka Affairs Council 
Formosan languages1.4%16 (42)By designationDiscretionaryCouncil of Indigenous Peoples 
Matsu<1%1By legal definitionRequired in Matsu IslandsDepartment of Education,
Lienchiang County Government

Indigenous Languages of Taiwan

There are also some indigenous languages in Taiwan. We have the Taiwanese aborigines which comprise about 2.3% of the country’s population. This dialect is under serious threat as the speakers are declining with each passing hour of the day. There are 26 languages of the Taiwanese aborigines; 10 of them have gone into extinction while five are almost moribund. Several of the other dialects are seriously endangered. 16 languages and 42 accents are currently recognized by the government at the center. 

Other Spoken Languages of Taiwan

Taiwanese Mandarin Language

This is the most commonly used language in Taiwan and it is referred to as the national language. At the end of the world war 11; this dialect was made compulsory in all schools. Prior that that period; Japanese was the official language and it was taught in schools. Mandarin has since become the dominant language among the various groups in Taiwan. The younger generation of Taiwanese speaks this dialect better than other local dialects.

Taiwanese Hokkien Dialect

This is, without a doubt, the most spoken native language that you will find in Taiwan. This dialect is spoken by 70% of the country’s population. This dialect has its roots in the southern Fujian province. The ancient differences among the dialects are small but they do exist.

Taiwanese Hakka Dialect

When you get to Taiwan, you are definitely going to come across people that are of Hakka descent. They are the speakers of Hakka language. They are concentrated in several places in Taiwan. The majority of the speakers are concentrated in Taoyuan, Hsinchu and Miaoli. This language is currently maintained by the Hakka Affairs Council that runs the language on Hakka TV and Radio. The government currently recognizes five Hakka dialects.

Matsu dialect

There is also the Matsu dialect that can be found in Matsu Islands. There are variants of Fuzhou dialect, Eastern Min.

Sign Language

For those that are having speech or hearing disability, you are going to get the enabling environment to communicate in Taiwan through their sign language on offer. Taiwan has a national sign language known as the Taiwanese Sign Language developed from Japanese Sign Language during Japanese colonial rule.

Other Languages of Taiwan

Japanese

The prominence of this language is from the colonial era where Japanese was taught as a compulsory language among the people. This language is now restricted to the elderly in the society who passed through the era when the language was enforced in schools.

South-East Asian languages

There are immigrants from South-East Asia and they have imported their language to Taiwan. The following are the stats:

  • Indonesian: Indonesian is the most popular spoken language among the approximately 140,000 Indonesians in Taiwan.
  • Javanese: Javanese is spoken by Javanese people who are from Indonesia now resident in Taiwan.
  • Tagalog: Tagalog is spoken by Filipinos who are immigrants in Taiwan. They are approximately 108,520 Filipinos in Taiwan.
  • Vietnamese: They are somewhere around 200,000 Vietnamese in Taiwan, they speak Vietnamese. Attempts have been on since 2011, to teach Vietnamese in schools as a heritage language to children of Vietnamese immigrants.

European Languages

During Dutch colonial rule in Taiwan, the language was taught in the schools in Taiwan. You will still see ripples of the language in Taiwan today though the influence is waning gradually. There are also relics of the Spanish language in Taiwan.

Sino-Tibetan languages

Immigrants from Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, and Macau SPEAK THE Cantonese dialect in Taiwan. These

English

This is a common foreign language whose use is gaining prominence in Taiwan. The universal appeal of this language is great; this informs the use of the language by some large private schools that provide English instructions in the language. That’s the end of languages of Taiwan!

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