Languages of Poland includes several official and unofficial minority languages. Poland is one of the European countries in East-Central Europe with a population of more than 38 million people. If you want to pay a visit to the country, then it will be interesting to have a foreknowledge of the languages that you are likely to meet in the country. We shall take a clinical look at the language culture that currently existed in Poland as a country.
The Official Language
Like every other country, Poland has a very vibrant official language that holds the country together despite the cultural diversity that existed among the people. This is one of the countries in the world that is culturally united in her language culture. The official language in the country is Polish and it is the language of about 97% of the people. So when you get to Poland; expect to hear the language from every nook and cranny of the country.
Polish, the oldest language across Eastern Europe regions, belongs to the Indo-European language family. The incursion of Polish started from the 10th century AD and used for both governmental and literature purposes. The use of this language dates back to 1550s and it has continued in a stretch without any interruptions.
Despite the dominance of Polish language in Poland, there are other minority languages that still exist alongside the Polish language. We are going to categorize them into two. Some of the minority languages come under the ones that have been given official recognition in Poland. There is another group of minority languages in Poland that still exists in the country today but they do not have an official recognition. We shall take each of them on the basis of their recognition.
The Officially Recognized Minority Languages
There are some officially recognized minority languages of Poland as the equation stands in Poland today. Let us take a look at each of them on the basis of the strength of the speakers:
- Kashubian has an estimated 108,140 speakers
- German has an estimated 96,461 speakers
- Belarusian has an estimated 26,448 speakers
- Ukrainian has an estimated 24,549 speakers
- Romany has an estimated 14,468 speakers
- Rusyn has an estimated 6,279 speakers
- Lithuanian has an estimated 5,303 speakers
- Armenian has an estimated 2,000 speakers
- Hungarian has an estimated 1,000 speakers
- Slovak has an estimated 1,000 speakers
- Czech has an estimated 1,000 speakers
Also included in the list of minority officially recognized languages of Poland whose stats are not available for now are:
Kashubian with the highest number of speakers is the most spoken of the indigenous languages that are on offer today. This language has a number of dialects. The Kashubian speakers from the north might find it difficult understanding the Kashubian speakers from the south.
The Unofficial Minority Languages of Poland
There are some languages in the minority in Poland that has not been given the official seal of recognition in Poland. Among these minority languages without official seal, one of them stands out and we shall look at it deeper ahead of the rest.
According to available stats, Silesian is the second most widely spoken language in Poland at the home. One will therefore wonder how this language is not recognized while others with less number of speakers have gotten the seal of government. With an estimated 529,377 speakers, this dialect deserves an official recognition.
The reason why this language is not recognized has to do with the dispute among linguist as to where to classify this language. Some belief it is a variant of Polish while others are of the opinion that it should be classified as a separate language. Until this riddle is resolved, Silesian will not get the official seal of recognition among the existing languages of Poland.
Other languages that are in existence but have not gotten the official seal of government are:
- Immigrant languages
- Foreign languages
Aside from the minority languages mentioned above, there are other interesting facts to be noted about the language culture in Poland. The following are some of them:
- There is one regional language in Poland
- There are ten national minority languages
- We have five ethnic minority languages.
We have put together in a tabular column the rankings of the languages that are spoken in Poland today with the objective of making our realize the strengths of the 10 most popular languages in Poland today.
|Rank||Language||Number of Speakers in Poland|
The above represents the stats about the languages that are spoken in Poland. If you want to pay a tourist visit; the above represents the derails about the culture and languages of Poland.